• The Fungi Kingdm comes with some of the most important organisms. Some plants could not have grown without symbiotic fungi to help them grow. Or also mycorrhizae that helps to thier roots to grow and give them a supply of niturients.
  • Also Fungi gives alot resources for us such as:
-Drugs like Pinicillin and other antibiotics.
-Foods such mushrooms, truffles, morels wine etc..
  • Also Fungi is a main source that causes diseases for humans such as:
-Athletes Foot
-Many other serious dieseas
  • It says the reason for Fungi dieases are so hard to treat because fungi are more chemically and genetically similar to animals than other organisms. Also fungi can given cause plant dieases.

In general fungi comes with many different kinda things such as mushrooms, rusts, smuts, puffballs, truffles, morels, molds and also yeast. And there is many different other organism that we don't know of. Scientists suggest that thier is more than 1.5 million species that may exist. Fungi share with animals to export hydrolytic enzymes that break down biopolymers which I had thought was really interesting. Which then that can be absorbed for nutrition. Lso Fungi lives for thier own food supply and thier grow into thier own new food.

This is a type of Fungi that has been grown.

Some Key Words:
Hyphae- bodies of these fungi typically form a network of tiny filaments
Chitin- plant cell walls which contain cellulose, fungal cell walls are strengthened
Mycelium- fungal hyphae form an interwoven mass
Septa- generally have pores large enough to allow ribosomes, mitochondria, and even nuclei to flow from cell to cell
Coenocytic Fungi- organisms consist of a continuous mass having hundreds or thousands of nuclei
Haustoria- other fungal species have specialized hyphae, which the fungi use to exract nutrients
Mycorrhizae- mutually benefical relationships between such fungi and plant roots
Fungi are heterotrophs that feed by absorption
  • Fungi share some key traits, the most important is derive nutrition
  • many fungi grow by forming multicelluar filaments, a body structure that plays an important role in how they obtain food.
  • Like animals fungi are heterotrophs
  • They cannot make thier own food as plants and algae do
  • They do not ingest thier food
  • Other fungi use enzymes to penetrate the walls of plant cells
  • Most common fungal bosy structures are multicellular filaments and single cells(yeasts)
  • Many species can grow only filaments and yeasts
  • The morphology of multicelluar fungi enhances thier abiliy to grow into and absorb nutrients from thier surroundings
  • Some fungi have specialized hypae that allow them to feed on living animals

Haustoria: Some mutualistic and parastic fungi grow specialized hyphae called haustoria that can extract nutrients from living plant cells.

Fungi produce spores through sexual or a sexual life cycles
  • Most fungi propagate themselves by producing vast numbers of spores, eithier sexually or asexually.
  • Spores cab be carried long distances by wind or water
  • If they land in moist place where there is food, they germinate, producing new mycelia
  • The nuclei of fungal hypae and the spores of most fungal species are haploid
  • Many fungi have transient dioloid stages that form during sexual life cycles.
  • Sexual reproduction begins when hyphae from two mycelia release sexual signaling molecules called pheromones
  • The union of the cytoplasms of two parent mycelia is known as plasmogamy
  • Next stage in the sexual cycle is karyogamy
  • During the karyogamy the haploid nuclei contributed by two parents fuse, producing diploid cells
  • The sexual processes of Karyogamy and meiosis generate extensive genetic variation31_05FungiLifeCycle_3-L.jpg
  • Asexual reproduction, many fungi can reproduce asexually
  • The processes of asexual reproduction vary widely among fungi
  • Many fungi reproduce asexually by growing as filamentous fungi that produce spores by mitosis